6G Networking; Beyond 5G
December 24 2021 · 4 min read
Wireless communication system gives a new face to connectivity and communication. Wireless networking has made one able to connect globally in a snap of fingers. The transition of networking from basic 1G to 5G has already made our lives easier by changing the way professions worked. Rising up to every next level these networking generations have improved the functioning and capabilities of applications along with the introduction of new means in diverse domains. 5G is the latest telecommunication generation operating at the present time. However, the transition of 5G into 4G is generating a lot of news and hype on the internet these days. The phrase ‘Beyond 5G’ is once again a hot topic as it was popular once as ‘Beyond 4G’.
In countries like Pakistan, 4G is the ‘Thing’ and it is yet not available to some parts of the country. Our citizens are not introduced to 5G yet, so they can only dream about networking generations like 6G. 5G is functioning in merely 30% of the countries; china is in lead with maximum users followed by the USA and South Korea. And Countries like China have already begun the quest of developing 6G networking which is expected to be launched by 2030. STAY WITH US TO KNOW MORE!
What is the 6G Networking System?
6G is the sixth generation of telecommunication. It is the successor of 5G cellular networking. 6G is the standard, better, faster version of 5G that is currently under development. 6G is known to be 1000 times faster or 1/1000th times latent: making microsecond communication possible. It would operate on higher frequencies that would enhance the speed of every application operating with 6G.
Advantages of 6G over other Networking Generations.
Since we cannot have a zero generation of telecommunication to replace, we had applications like telegram and the radio before any of the generations were invented. 1G introduced wireless communication systems. 1G was replaced by better networking generation 2G. With improved speed one was able to browse web pages. 3G advanced 2G applications such as YouTube. One can certainly use YouTube with 144 Pixels but no one can guarantee good quality.
When 4G and 5G were introduced internet and wireless cellular communication were not the only tools to improve. 5G added an extension to services like traffic management and vehicle technology. 6G is expected to accomplish more.
Every telecommunication network functions using specific frequencies. Each is characterized by new frequencies. The 6th generation is 1000 times faster than the 5th generation, whereas the 5th generation was 100 times faster than the 4th generation because the 6th generation would operate on THz (Terahertz) frequencies, which provides its users' advantage over all other networking generations. Higher frequencies make 6G able to add an extension to the scope of capabilities of 5G applications. Moreover, these frequencies are expected to absorb moisture from the air. Hence it will support communication in severe weather as well. And one would be able to communicate with anyone even when the storm is coming.
Next, 6G is going to have high data storage and less latency, therefore a lot of applications can utilize this generation. It has been looking forward that 6G will virtualize many things. It will benefit domains like the health sector, imaging, and location tracking. Health caretakers would be able to conduct activities like surgeries virtually with reduced cost. Additional visualization will also reduce the need for time and space.
“Take a look at the following key factors that 6G wireless systems are likely to have to deliver volume spectral efficiency.
- High network capacity
- Enhanced data security
- AI integrated communication
- Massive machine-type communication
- Tactile internet
- Low backhaul and access network congestion
- Ultra-reliable low latency communication
- Enhanced mobile broadband
- Satellite integrate network
- Connected intelligence
- Seamless integration of energy transfer and wireless information
- Ubiquitous super 3D connectivity
- Softwarization and virtualization”
(Massimo, N. what is 6G Network: The answer is here!)
How 6G could be Harmful?
6G is not even installed yet and we are already predicting the advantages and disadvantages of the next generation. More than disadvantages these could be the challenges or drawbacks of this networking generation. The 6th generation is going to be the fastest telecommunication system operating through cell-less architecture. It demands a better cell-less architecture network. Furthermore, the frequencies and wavelength of the waves 6G operate on are going to challenge the use of low power and low cost. The range of waves THz fall into are more suitable to operate in space rather than earth. Finally, the cons and pons of this generation will be proved only once it is operational. Till then one can follow the news.